Good deal. Bourn is a speed guy. Upton has several skills and solid d. Absolute high end you get 30/30 years from Upton and Heyward next year.
I hope Philly gets Hamilton. Bourn and Hamilton are my bets to be bad contracts.
Comment by Antonio bananas — November 28, 2012 @ 7:31 pm
Interestingly, the Fangraphs Sabermetric Library gives a .200 ISO as the cutoff for “great,” and Upton managed a .208 last season. Career .167, of course, but what happened last year looks like an authentic change in hitting approach, so that spike might be here to stay.
B.J. Upton’s deal isn’t remotely ok. It’s an overreach beyond overreaches. $/WAR model until you’re blue in the face, people.
He’s a career 107 wRC+, average CF. In 2012, he sported a 107 wRC+ and probably played an average or so year defensively (UZR, DRS, whatever. One year too short a sample size regardless). How in any team’s right mind are they guaranteeing a 5 year deal to someone at $15mm AAV?!
Cherry picking an awful deal for a 1-2 tool RFer is not a just comparison.
His batted ball stats are all trending the wrong way. He’s not getting better, he’s already declining at 28 with ample sample size at the major league level.
He’s not a great player, not even relative to his positional peers. Objective analysis of BJ Upton’s past, present, and likely future outcomes clearly shows that this deal is a monstrosity.
Comment by Dick Whitman — November 28, 2012 @ 7:42 pm
They can have me for free.
Comment by Chone Figgins — November 28, 2012 @ 7:46 pm
47 qualified players had ISOs above .200 last year. Upton was #40. He certainly has above average power, but unless he starts hanging out with Jose Bautista and Edwin Encarnacion, he’s probably never going to be a 35+ HR guy. His game is still more or less based on his speed, and that doesn’t last.
Philly clearly wasn’t that interested in him because they could have easily beaten the Braves offer. My guess is that they sign Hamilton and stick him in LF, and trade for a CF (Fowler or Bourjas likely) then call it an offseason.
How dare you say something so stupid in my former name!
Comment by Don Draper — November 28, 2012 @ 7:48 pm
Yeah i don’t understand how people are not tearing this contract appart. It’s an overpay, for a guy who has not been higher than 10th best Centerfielder by fWAR since 2008.
Yes he has the raw physical ability to be a great player. yes he can hit a decent number of HR and steal a decent of bases (except he now plays on one of the more conservative teams in the NL WITH Bourn in Center). But he has to get on base first, and striking out once per game because you’re trying to live up to your power potential and being about average defensively just should not be worth that kind of money.
Comment by Chickensoup — November 28, 2012 @ 7:59 pm
Upton is underrated? Mysterious? When you consider your statements I must refute with the claim that Upton is mysteriously overratedy. Especially for the contract he just received.
For example, a GM would find a much more efficient deal with the likes of Dexter Fowler.
Nothing like paying $75 million for a top ten strikeout guy coming off a year with a .245 or so AVG and a sub-.300 OBP.
Upton and his agent must have yelled ‘Stick Em Up’ to the Braves front office because Atlanta got robbed!
Comment by Pete Dymeck — November 28, 2012 @ 8:18 pm
Ah you’re right, I usually don’t start fully declining players until their age 30 season, but I miscalculated his age. There is a discount for future peak years, but it’s less than .5. So now I have this contract as about a $5M win for the Braves.
The breakeven point for his war projection, given my economic assumptions is 3.2WAR for 2013.
People are complaining that he’s barely more than an average player. Well these days $15m/yr is barely more than average player money on the FA market.
Comment by BillWallace — November 28, 2012 @ 8:19 pm
Or that they platoon Mayberry/Schuerholz (spelling?) in CF, move Domonic Brown over to be the full time RF, and play Hamilton in LF. Or maybe keep Brown in LF and play Hamilton in RF. I have been expecting them to sign Hamilton for some time now.
Comment by Robbie G. — November 28, 2012 @ 8:29 pm
I look and look and just don’t see it all, Dick. Jeff has it right. So do you: a career wRC+ 107 for a guy who fields CF as well as an average CF is worth a lot more than an average MLBer, and because the only way to get that person right now if free agency, they have to pay a premium. That is, someone who isn’t old, doesn’t have an injury history, can field a plus-position while producing above average offense. And I don’t get your complaint about batted ball data, since his LD% has been trending up for years as all as his FB and HR/FB %. He has power and speed. He still pretty much walks and Ks the same as ever. The only steady decline is BABIP and an associated one in OBP, countered by that rise in power. And you mention quite clear decline… but where? As you said, career and 2012 wRC+ are the same, last three years’ WAR are just about the first three, etc. And his last year he’ll only be 32.
Really, it’s just a basic whatever deal relative to what people do in FA… I’m fascinated by the angst it created you!
This situation isn’t ideal for just analyzing stats. Too much murkiness from obvious changes in plate approach – not sure how its possible to distinguish which of the “worsening” peripherals are trending that way because of changes in approach or actual decline (if any). Another factor is that Wren mentioned several times last week, in the wake of Upton’s visit to Atl, the conversation and “rapport” between hitting coach Walker and BJ. Given the upcoming changes in scenery, hitting coach, role on the team, lineup spot, etc., going to be hard to predict what happens going forward. It might be as likely that his approach trends reverse directions as that they continue.
Also, you’re protected by the fact that he has a pretty rare level of athleticism and raw talent. Not saying we should expect superstar upside to break out, but I think it throws some uncertainty into the air. Harder to run predictive models on a speed-first player who has the talent (and proven ability) to switch approaches and start mashing 25+ homers.
Summary is that he’s a guy w/ a lot of question marks, but you paid a reasonable price at what most would say is the middleground of his potential value spectrum, and I’m not sure you can say the downside is more likely than the upside.
I made a mistake where I referenced batted ball instead of plate discipline statistics. His plate discipline peripherals are by-in-large trending downward.
Comment by Dick Whitman — November 28, 2012 @ 8:45 pm
Agreed with this.
Comment by BillWallace — November 28, 2012 @ 8:46 pm
Well, if you trust baseball-reference then he hasn’t topped 3.2 WAR since 2007. I, however, don’t trust them for Upton – for whatever reason, their formula seems to hate him.
Comment by vivalajeter — November 28, 2012 @ 9:11 pm
I don’t know about Fowler being a more efficient route. You’d have to trade to acquire Fowler, and then signing him will likely cost a lot. Plus, he’s yet to put up a 3 win season, while Upton’s floor is a 3 win season.
And thankfully, the only way to achieve value isn’t by putting up low K rates.
I am somewhat hesitant to submit this anecdote, in part because I am not suggesting this bias on the author’s part and in part because of the nature of the Internet, but . . . A couple years back there was a pair of SI Players’ Polls (MLB) which asked “Who Gets the Least Out of the Most Talent” and “Who Gets the Most Out of the Least Talent.” After they were run, an astute reader wrote in to point out that the names on the former list were mostly athletic black guys and the names on the latter were mostly scrappy white guys, reflecting the popular notion that black men are naturally more athletically gifted and therefore “talented.” (Which is of course silly because “black” and “white” are misnomers without genetic significance.)
We could debate the finer points of the Questing Beast of True Talent, but the point is that popular perception of Upton’s unrealized potential may be entirely unfounded. We know well that great athletic capability does not necessarily translate into great baseball ability; it could be that Upton is playing to the utmost of his talent and that he is at the end of the day a pretty good player with some clear deficiencies. Like a lot of pretty good players, he can hit for more power at the expense of contact and patience, or hit for less power and higher OBP, and in either case be pretty good but not great, and get what is, as far as the baseball market is concerned, a more or less fair contract.
Ignoring all the argument over whether or not Upton is actually worth the deal, I think this was a very poor decision by the Braves front office. They’re not the Yankees, Angels, Dodgers, or Red Sox. They have limited resources. They need both a centerfielder and a leftfielder. Now, how much would Upton’s bat be worth as a leftfielder? Or more to the point, how much more offense could a team get by spending $15 million on a leftfielder, and $3-5 million on a centerfielder (likely a defense guy, obviously)? They took those limited resources in the much less efficient direction.
The idea of $/WAR (in evaluating FA contracts) has generally been discussed as being linear because its been observed that this is how teams actually pay players. I think there is an argument that higher WAR players deserve more per WAR, based on the idea that one 4 WAR player is worth more than two 2 WAR players. Also find it interesting that the vast majority of the mega-contracts dont “work out” when assesed in a linear $/WAR context. Jeff, is it plausible that teams are employing this thinking? Ive also noticed a lot of write-ups here, particularly from you and Dave, that scrap the $/WAR analysis in favor of comps. Not a criticism just more curious as to what the reason is(uncertain inflation).
One 4-win player is also more risky than two 2-win players.
Megacontracts mostly don’t look like they’ll work out because a) it only takes one team and b) when a contract goes for 7-8 years and $150+ million, the magnitude of any error that’s made is heavily magnified.
I have nothing to back this up but my gut, so maybe someone will come in with facts that show me wrong. But that guts says you get a low-.700s OPS CF for $3-5m and a mid-800s OPS LF for $15m, or a mid-700s OPS CF for $15m and a low-to-mid-700s OPS LF for $3-5m. And obviously, I’d prefer the former.
These players would have to actually exist on the free agent market this year. And no, I don’t think you can find a low 700 OPS CF for 3-5 MM unless he’s a bad defender that has no business playing there. I mean Victorino an OPS just over .700 last year and there’s no way he settles for 3-5 MM.
Comment by Nitram Odarp — November 28, 2012 @ 10:00 pm
But shouldn’t a GM be looking at the going rate for CF’rs.
While he may theoretically be worth more, he’s been roughly the same as Angel Pagan and Chris Young over the last 3 years in terms of WAR.
Looking at the guys who are actually there, I’d guess Swisher gets a similar per-annum deal to Upton for fewer years. Say .360/.460 OBP/SLG? A lot better than Upton. Looking at the centerfielders… Yeah, might have to go for a trade there. Perhaps Span?
What does this signing tell us about the market and likely destinations of the remaining free agent OFs?
Comment by Robbie G. — November 28, 2012 @ 10:34 pm
I think an issue here is upton has shown signs of being a good CF in different regards. Has failed to put together “that year”. His power though metrics is shown as decent-good, HR wise he is streaky. He hit 19 of his 28 hrs in final 2 months and drove in 40 of his 78 runs in that span.He tends to be lazy, but plays well down the stretch, which the NL East will probably be. His WAR speaks consistancy which is nice but they probably won’t see the return for the sign, but inflation maybe part of that. The main concern has been the ever changing approach at the plate, from a high OBP guy to a sub .300. Braves can also move Hanson to open up some $ as well. LF wise I see Ross going there. It will be interesting to see where he hits as well in this lineup.
I agree with the others that you’ve got a little sour grapes thing going and I’d hardly classify 5/75 as a robbery…. However, I’m not sure why people think Upton was a great match for the Phillies…
Ok, I get the superficial match–big spender needs righty CF…but the Phillies under Amaro/Gillick have never really prioritized this sort of asset allocation to hitter like Upton in FA. (Fwiw, I see a lot of Rowand in Upton, although with a higher base.) They’ve strongly preferred doing shorter deals and have shown the discipline to walk away if the price is wrong. …Insert Ryan Howard joke…
So yeah, Hamilton would be much more their MO–big name/splash–but I wouldn’t hold my breath. The success of the stars-n-scrubs method is having a GM who can bring in cheap (in dollars) talent to fill the scrub holes. Frankly, it worked really well before. I wonder whether Amaro would rather go this route. I’m not sure any of us should be surprised to see a cheap, defense-first CF next year. Perhaps Bourjos, but maybe something more creative.
Really, the reason for the un-realized potential is because of a 23 year old Upton posting a .300/.386/.508 triple slash line in 2007. If being the 2nd pick in the draft hadn’t put great expectations on him, then that season raised expectations for BJ Upton to be a superstar. Anything less was going to be seen as disappointing. Disappointment comes when reality does not meet expectations.
Also, the power/speed combo hitters tend to make people swoon. Watch if Mike Trout hits less than 20 HRs, or steals less than 40 bases next year people will complain. Trout has reset expectations. If I had a 21 year old OF hit 15 HR and steal 30 bases next year I would be ecstatic. Now though Mike Trout cannot perform to those levels, because now he is MIKE TROUT – BEST PLAYER IN BASEBALL.
I like it. The more factors you consider, the better this deal looks for the Braves: Upton has been consistently good and occasionally great. He’s only 28. He’ll only be 32 in his last year of the deal. The Braves have no well-regarded center field prospects in the high minors. And, the Phillies were looking to sign him for their center field need and will now likely have to pay more for Bourn or pay less for an inferior player.
Comment by Carry On My Heyward Son — November 29, 2012 @ 12:24 am
“Black” and “white” are misnomers… yes, but since humans evolved in Africa that continent has more genetic variation than the rest of the world combined, so it’s not unlikely that a population that contains African genes could have significantly different athletic traits than a European population. It’s unlikely, for example, that Ethiopians and Kenyans win almost all marathons solely because of environmental factors.
Comment by baycommuter — November 29, 2012 @ 12:24 am
Upton had a .298 OBP last year and .316 over the past four seasons. Hard to believe that merits a five-year contract.
It would be very interesting to see if Atlanta could land Justin Upton in a trade. It would create one of the more intriguing and best family outfields of all time, which would be an interesting article. I think I would place the Uptons behind the Alous but before the Griffeys.
Comment by GiantFan12 — November 29, 2012 @ 1:37 am
doing a lot of things average to slightly above at a premium position makes you pretty valuable. and he’s still only 28.
this deal may not be great, but for a guy who’s been a regular since 2007 and has been 2+ wins each year, and 4+ all but two, it’s really not as bad as you’re making it out to be.
Philly will overpay for Bourn to decline or for Hamilton to get hurt. Signing guys past their prime to way too expensive, way too long of deals is sort of their thing.
Comment by Antonio bananas — November 29, 2012 @ 2:15 am
Jesus, then we’d hear non stop “doesn’t try” “doesn’t love the game” “lazy but talented” articles about atlanta’s outfield.
Comment by Antonio bananas — November 29, 2012 @ 2:25 am
Having watched most Rays games for the last couple years, I always thought the “BJ’s lazy” theme was unfair. (He’s always ready to play, he’s rehabbed well when needed…) And, yeah, probably a little subconsciously racist.
HOWEVER, while I wouldn’t question his work ethic, there is something about his play…he gets picked off base more than anyone i’ve ever watched, throws to the wrong base more than you’d hope, and waves at sliders about 3 feet out of the zone more than never. I actually wonder if he doesn’t have a hard time concentrating during games. A lot of the “dangit, BJ!!” moments could be explained by ADD/ADHD/something. (Ofc, IANAD.)
Where exactly is the overreach? From an offensive standpoint, he’s had a 109 wRC+ the past 3 years, with a 107 mark last year. Considering the average CF hits at a roughly league-average clip in that span, he’s above average offensively for his position. Defensively, he’s average. He’s also a well-above average base runner.
I get it, Upton doesn’t do anything particularly spectacularly. What he does have, however, is several skills above average. If you look at his offense holistically, he’s held consistent value. He’s 28 years old, meaning you’re likely getting a few peak years and a few decline years in a 5 year deal. With his diverse skill set, however, the decline shouldn’t be terribly drastic. Add in the fact that the market is flush with cash, and this seems absolutely reasonable.
We have a winner for most oversimplified valuation of a player. Using OBP as sole determining factor is like using the Triple Crown: you can glean some useful information, but on the whole you’re completely overlooking base running, defense, and several key aspects of offense. It’s very possible to be an above-average player with mediocre, or even poor, OBP.
There is a hell of a lot more genetic variation among the animals in a zoo than there is among the human staff. Does that mean that the most intelligent being on the property is more likely to be in a cage than in clothing?
Highly developed traits are “expensive.” They require physical changes that force sacrifices to be made in other areas. Unless there’s an evolutionary incentive for something to change, it won’t (beyond small random variations).
We shouldn’t expect to see the fastest (or whatever else) people on Earth coming from Africa because of their genetic variation. We should expect to see them coming from environments, even small communities, that offer the greatest evolutionary incentive to develop that skill. For “athleticism,” that environment appears to be former slave colonies populated by people taken from West-Central Africa (probably in no small part because members of the same community who weren’t as physically gifted would have struggled to survive/reproduce during the slave era). Genetic variation may have given that group a small step up on the competition, but it’s the environment that produced the final result.
True, but the expected value for (2) 2 WAR players being paid market rate is also lower (and has tighter variance) than the return for a (1) 4 WAR player being paid market and (1) other, cheap player.
That’s how GM’s make their money, right? Well, the good ones at least. A bad GM takes the 4 WAR market rate player and can’t find a cheap 2nd player. The good one takes the 4 WAR market rate player and finds the cheap, possibly high risk other player (possibly with a large platoon splits or value in a historically undervalued part of the game like defense or baserunning). This is the rationale of playing a defense only guy in LF, right? You *can* spend market rate on a mediocre hitter, say, Delmon Young, or you can think outside the box and use guys like Prado, Gardner…Gregor Blanco…in a historically offense-oriented position to save runs cheaper than an expensive, mediocre hitter can produce them.
It’s not that Stars-and-Scrubs is flawed. It’s that bad GMs are incapable of employing it properly.
Comment by cable fixer — November 29, 2012 @ 7:42 am
Upton’s ISO is more a result of his speed than his HR’s.
If we operate on the assumption that Upton, like most free agents, took the most money, Upton signing with ATL might tell us that the Phillies didn’t want him as much as was being reported. Maybe PHI leaked word of their interest to drive up the price in an effort to get ATL to spend more and have less available to shore up other spots. Amaro’s MO has been to set the market and over-spend (in $ and years), so if Upton was his first choice, something tells me he would have trumped ATL’s offer…probably by going to 6 years.
^That’s a tempting thought, but it’s not really true. Upton only had 29 doubles and 3 triples last year compared to 28 HR. It would seem that HR are the driver of his ISO line, not stretching singles to doubles, doubles to triples.
“With a solemn Carl Lewis pictured, executive editor Amby Burfoot aimed to answer ‘why black runners win every race from the sprints to the marathon,’ arguing that there is a geological divide between West African and East African muscle-twitch fibers that explains why some black athletes, Kenyans, had endurance while African-Americans excelled at shorter distances.
“While many bought into the West versus East argument, readers of Sports Illustrated did not. In response to a December 1997 cover story, ‘Whatever Happened to the White Athlete?,’ which featured a small sidebar titled ‘Is It in the Genes?,’ readers answered ‘he’s coaching’ and ‘he moved on to become a doctor, a lawyer or an engineer,’ understanding that an examination of white privilege and the economics of a racially unjust society should be the center of any conversation regarding the perceived predominance of black athletes in some sports. One can only hope that Johnson’s words – and the British documentary ‘Survival of the Fittest,’ which he is promoting about the subject – are greeted with the same amount of disdain.”
Comment by Jay Stevens — November 29, 2012 @ 8:38 am
“It’s unlikely, for example, that Ethiopians and Kenyans win almost all marathons solely because of environmental factors.”
Why? That’s like saying it’s “unlikely that Americans make up most of the US football teams solely because of environmental factors.”
Combine the altitude of Kenya (training in high altitude aids endurance sports), the fact that much of the country is rural and running as a means of travel is common, that British missionaries and soldiers introduced long-distance running to the people when they colonized Kenya, and the fact that running may the only way for Kenyans to leave the country and make serious money — not to mention that tradition now dictates running is the region’s “sport” — and you have the perfect environmental conditions for area runners to dominate.
Kenya has 41 million people, all of whom regard long-distance running as their primary sport and only avenue of escape from poverty. Imagine if you took California, raised its altitude 3,000 feet, took away all the sports and possible high-profile, well-paying jobs (film industry, computer industry, or, heck, any industry) other than long-distance running and tell me Californians wouldn’t be dominating the marathon.
Comment by Jay Stevens — November 29, 2012 @ 8:53 am
Or at least wait until the FA to see what comparable, younger players get instead of throwing money at an aging platoon player.
Comment by TiensyGohan — November 29, 2012 @ 9:38 am
It’s wrong to say that “black” and “white” have no genetic significance. True, these are extremely broad categories, but generally speaking blacks have significant East or West African genetic heritage and whites have predominantly European heritage (of one kind or another). In America, blacks are mainly 70-80% West African descent and the rest European.
Even at this high level, these are very different genetic populations with numerous substantial phenotypic differences, from medical conditions (think lactose intolerance, sickle cell disease, rates of obesity and diabetes, responses to various medications) and appearance to cognitive function, testosterone levels and, yes, athletic performance. This is well documented in the academic literature, so there is no need for conjecture, although the topic is avoided in polite conversation.
By the way, the point about African genetic diversity is largely a red herring. The diversity is not in perceived traits, but mainly in the “junk” area of DNA that does not result in any apparent differences in expressed genes.
Sticking up for Martin Prado a bit, I think he hit enough to hold down LF even if he’d been an average defender last season. True, that may not have been the most likely outcome, but in the event he wasn’t a defense-first guy.
“Upton has a very particular set of skills; skills he has acquired over a 9 year career. Skills that will not make him a nightmare for GM’s. If you leave him a free agent now, that’ll be the end of it. He will not look for your team, he will not pursue your team. But if you don’t, he will look for you, he will play for you, and he will not kill you with his contract.”
With Philly’s salary commitments already huge for this year, I don’t know how much financial flexibility they had to really beat the Braves offer. They probably could have but it might have tied their hands for making other moves.
Statistics aside Upton is going to a new league, new pitchers and very high expectations. If any of the underachiever talk is true, this guy will be getting tomahawk chopped by the fans by the end of the season, and not in a good way.
Comment by Hurtlockertwo — November 29, 2012 @ 11:11 am
People say this stuff about Heyward also and it’s completely unwarranted. Really I think this whole “doesn’t try” crap about the Upton’s is more perception than reality.
It’s a good thing he got half that much money for this deal. Mega deals are the Fielder deals.
This is kind of your new standard, “good, but not super duper elite” deal.
Comment by MrKnowNothing — November 29, 2012 @ 12:35 pm
I agree will. It’s racism. Heyward tries very hard, but because he’s not out dancing and doing 43 step high fives with the bruthas, well dernit, he must be lazy and not have passion. If he were Asian, he’d be labeled stoic, if he were white, he’d be labeled business like and mature beyond his years.
Sports writers are awful. Communications/journalism degrees or worse, former jocks are all they are. Neither of those groups have credibility with quantitative analysis, psychology, or logic.
Comment by Antonio bananas — November 29, 2012 @ 12:37 pm
So what are high end/low end projections? Was close to 30/30 last year, so best case .265/.320/.475 with the 30/30. Worst case (other than injury) .235/.280/.400 with 20 steals and 14 home runs.
Comment by Antonio bananas — November 29, 2012 @ 12:40 pm
In Heyward’s case, all the ‘lazy’ bullshit started with one utter hack of a ‘sportswriter’ using Twitter. Bill Shanks is a total joke, his radio stuff is a snoozefest, his writing sucks, his book with Schuerholz was only suitable as fishwrap, he single-handedly destroyed one of the best internet fan forums the Braves had… and he created the whole Lazy Heyward Who Doesn’t Actually Like Or Care About Baseball mythos with a single tweet.
I think perspective plays into how people view the contract. To a Braves fan that is used to conservative FA spending, this is a “megadeal.” But when the dust settles, this won’t even come close to the true megadeals that will take place this winter. It will more likely be middle of the pack.
I think my main issue with Upton is not an individual issue; he has his strengths and weaknesses like all good but not great players. My issue is that his weaknesses are similar to the weaknesses of other hitters on the Braves – especially high strikeout rates. I know it’s only one stat, but its an important one that a lot of Braves hitters struggle with.
Jay, football (soccer) is the most popular sport in Kenya (also introduced by the British). Yes, distance running may be a popular avenue, but there aren’t all that many wealthy distance runners, and that may be getting things backwards; they are good at it so it is an avenue of escape, not it is an avenue of escape and therefore they are good at it. Generally speaking.
Entine’s argument seems pretty weak. Why are Jamaican sprinters so good, but Haiti’s aren’t? Aren’t they made of the same genetic “stuff”? And that’s completely ignoring that race is more a social construct than a biological one. Jamaican sprinters are hardly a homogeneous “racial” group. Entine sees patterns and constructs narratives around them, akin to what phrenologists and other “race” scientists of the past did.
Comment by Jay Stevens — November 29, 2012 @ 2:50 pm
He doesn’t limit the argument to Jamaicans. He mentions the top 500 times for the 100 meter, all but 2 are by people of west african descent. And he isn’t talking about race but genetics. I wouldn’t say he is the last word on the topic, but I also think that simply ascribing differences to sociological or near term biological differences is shuting off an avenue worthy of exploration.
Jamaica’s GDP per capita is more than 7x Haiti’s, so economics likely has something to do with that.
I think it is a bit much to insinuate that Entine is akin to a “phrenologist.” And he isn’t a scientist, of course. He doesn’t deny sociological impacts, environmental impacts, etc. I think it is fairly easy to just dismiss this along the lines of eugenics.
So who leads off for the Braves now? Surely a .298OBP guy is not the answer (despite his speed).
In a vacuum I like this deal, but when your biggest competitor goes out and trades for a CF of near equal value and all it cost them was a lottery pick pitcher, it makes this deal seem a little crazy. Cameron just did a post about it and he makes a great point: Span for $21MM+Lottery Pitching Prospect or BJ Upton for $75MM + 2 years.
Phils have the flexibility to spend if they want to… They are probably ok with paying luxury tax this year because the cap goes up next year so they won’t be repeat offenders, plus Utley is done after this year and Halladay’s 2014 option is not likely to vest (I believe he needs toss 244 innings in 2013, he hasn’t done since 2010)
Having said that, I’m not sure that they want to. they like the kid Ruf, and may give him a shot in left. Brown is penciled in, and you could get a Victorino cheap for a stop gap. Lots of question marks there, but they have a few platoon guys in Mayberry and nix too.
Comment by Eugene Jacket — November 30, 2012 @ 12:09 am
B N —
No, they already have him extended.. Now its time they give those nice shiny 10yr extensions to Utley and Rollins !! They deserve it, right? They have been good for the team.. Now is the time for the team to step up and show the love ! (ps, there was a lil sarcasm in there)
Comment by Ruki Motomiya — January 27, 2013 @ 6:00 pm
Wow. A zoo? That’s dissimilar in degree and kind from what we’re discussing. It’s a weak metaphor purporting to be an analogy. The cage/clothing distinction is completely arbitrary.
Look, I’m not saying that we should expect the fastest, slowest, tallest, and shortest to be found among those of recent sub-Saharan African ancestry (though we kind of do find that to be the case). I’m saying that, when looking for such outlier populations, and when knowing nothing else, it makes sense to look first among the population with the greatest genetic diversity.
Usually such a method is followed when one is looking for the origin of a phenotype or language group, because the greatest diversity will usually indicate the oldest population. But it’s a useful principle for other questions.
Finally, diversity in sub-Saharan Africa has a few reasons behind it. The first is age: our species was confined to Africa for the vast majority of its years to date, and time is obviously an important component of diversification. Second, African populations have spent much more time in competition with neighboring humans and near-human primates than have the ex-African people. That latter group spread out from a small founder population through a world that was free of humans, and therefore free of the most dangerous species in any human environment. This would have led to very different forms of environmental pressure over a very long span of time.
All your stuff about expensive traits and slave-colonies is weak. You are young, I think, and have the confidence of a few ideas that you don’t quite understand.