Cano, Granderson, and Other CLIFFORD Candidates for 2013

I recently wrote about my attempt to design an indicator that would predict when players were at a higher risk for having a collapse-type year. I named the metric CLIFFORD, referring to the fact that players identified by it were at risk of falling off a cliff offensively. My inspiration was Adam Dunn and his disastrous 2011, in which his wOBA declined by .113.

My initial research showed that 58% of collapse candidates identified by Marcel actually experience a wOBA decline of at least .03 (or 30 points)–2.43 times the likelihood of non-collapse candidates. Collapse candidates identified by CLIFFORD actually decreased by at least 30 points of wOBA 53% of the time–2.14 times the likelihood of non-collapse candidates.

Marcel initially appeared to do a better job identifying these candidates. If we knew nothing else outside of just the Marcel projection, our chances were better at identifying collapse candidates than if we used CLIFFORD (and, yes, the difference between the relative risk for both measures is statistically significant).

However, and here’s the bright spot, there was not much overlap between the two metrics.

Out of the 34 collapse candidates identified by CLIFFORD, only three were also identified by Marcel. My thinking on the difference between the two is simply that while both are trying to capture aging, Marcel relies on a known, more gradual aging curve while CLIFFORD is trying to find players that–for one reason or another–are poised to age faster.

As a quick refresher, players are given one point if their performance in any of the following categories declines between Year 1 and Year 2 by an amount worse than the 25th percentile for change across the league:

Metric 25th Percentile Relatve Risk for Collapse
YR2_minus_YR1Z-Contact% (pfx) -1.4% 1.45
YR2_minus_YR1UBR -2.0 1.29
YR2_minus_YR1FA% (pfx) -10.7% 1.27
YR2_minus_YR1Spd -0.9 1.24

Players with three or more points are then classified as CLIFFORD candidates. Calculating CLIFFORD values for players entering 2013 produced five collapse candidates:

Name 2012 Age 2012 wOBA 2012 Z-Contact% (pfx) 2012 Spd 2012 FA% (pfx) 2012 UBR 2012-2011 Z-Contact% (pfx) 2012-2011 Spd 2012-2011 FA% (pfx) 2012-2011 UBR
Jordan Schafer 25 0.266 80.2% 6.8 37.5% -0.5 -7.4% -1.0 -7.1% -2.3
Curtis Granderson 31 0.346 80.9% 5.3 30.2% 2.2 -6.6% -2.6 -5.8% -3.7
Delmon Young 26 0.305 84.3% 1.5 34.4% -1.6 -6.1% -1.2 -0.5% -2.2
Robinson Cano 29 0.394 89.5% 2.7 33.7% -0.7 -4.8% -2.9 -5.8% -3.2
Jamey Carroll 38 0.299 93.8% 4.1 44.1% -1.3 -1.7% -1.7 2.2% -2.4

Now, 2013 Marcel projections are not out yet so we don’t know how much overlap there will be between the two. I could see Cano’s wOBA declining simply due to age (he’s entering his age-30 season) and basic regression, for example. A drop of 30 points would put his 2013 wOBA at .364. Even adjusting for park, that would still make him a top-5 offensive second basemen. Still, 30 points of wOBA is nothing to sneeze at.

Curtis Granderson was the second most interesting name on the list. Granderson will be entering his age-32 season, and is already coming off a huge offensive decline in 2012 (116 wRC+ in 2012 vs. 146 in 2011). Granderson’s 2011 was easily his best as a professional, so we shouldn’t have been too surprised that he came back down to earth. However, CLIFFORD is not identifying him as a collapse candidate simply because his overall production declined. Mostly, it’s predicting bad things for Granderson because of his 6.6% decline in Z-Contact%. Since 2007, Granderson has never whiffed at more than 86.5% of the pitches he has offered at in the zone. Decline in Z-Contact% has the highest individual impact on collapse risk. Add in big declines in both Spd and UBR, and Granderson could be in for an even worse 2013.

The other player that jumps out is Delmon Young, who was recently signed by the Phillies and appears poised to take the majority of plate appearances in right field. (Still having trouble believing I just wrote that.) Young does have an above average split against left-handed pitchers, but over 608 plate appearances last year he posted a meager .305 wOBA (89 wRC+). Young will only be in his age-27 season in 2013, but he hasn’t posted an above average offensive season since 2010–his only such season with any significant playing time. Additionally, Young’s Z-Contact% dropped  by over 6% last year, one of the largest drops last year. For a player already flirting with a .300 wOBA, it’s one more sign that the Phillies would be taking a big risk if they are truly giving Young so many opportunities in 2013.

There’s still more work to be done with CLIFFORD, but the initial results should give us something else to think about when we try to project what these five players are likely to do offensively in 2013.

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Bill works as a consultant by day. In his free time, he writes for The Hardball Times, speaks about baseball research and analytics, consults for a Major League Baseball team and appears on MLB Network's Clubhouse Confidential. Along with Jeff Zimmerman, he won the 2013 SABR Analytics Research Award for Contemporary Analysis. Follow him on Tumblr or Twitter @BillPetti.

26 Responses to “Cano, Granderson, and Other CLIFFORD Candidates for 2013”

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  1. Dan Rozenson says:

    Soooo Swisher is gone, Cano and Granderson are declining, A-Rod is out for at least half a season, Teixeira is declining, Jeter is 38, and Ichiro is 39, and there’s no starting catcher. Other than that, how is the Yankee offense?

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    • Jim says:

      I’ll believe Cano’s decline when I see it — I wouldn’t be surprised to see his wOBA drop by ten or fifteen points, but 30 seems excessive.

      The Yankee offense will not be a strength this year. Happily, pitching should be a strength, and their outfield defense (if Granderson and Gardner switch) should be something special.

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    • AK7007 says:

      The scary part is that they are still good despite all of the above failings and their unwillingness to spend their way out of the situation.

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    • Keith says:

      Yeah, then consider the pitching. According to their team page:

      1. Sabathia–33 in July and very expensive, but still a durable ace.
      2. Kuroda–38 in a couple of weeks and only signed for 2013.
      3. Pettitte–41 in June and only signed for 2013.
      4. Hughes–4.19 ERA, but showed SOME signs of progress; 27 in June
      5. Nova–Regressed (as expected) from a 3.70 ERA in 2011 to a 5.02 ERA in 2012; Just turned 26.

      It looks like they might have 2 immediate rotation holes to fill, though Pineda could take one (though he is also coming off of shoulder surgery). The minors is iffy, with Banuelos and a bit of a mess.

      Seriously, the Yankees talk of avoiding the luxury tax for 2014, but man…they’re going to suck if they do.

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      • Jim says:

        Nova isn’t getting the fifth spot; that goes to David Phelps.

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      • Derek says:

        Nova is due for a bit of improvement, IMO. His K/9 saw a nice boost last year, but his HR/FB rate spiked. He may not be as good as he was in 2011, but he certainly wasn’t as bad as he was last season.

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      • Andrew Sardella says:

        haven’t been keeping up to date on NY pitching staff, but what about pineda?

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      • YanksFanInBeantown says:

        Pineda just started throwing off a half mound.

        And Derek, Nova’s HR rate isn’t the only thing that spiked, his XBH rate jumped up too. He’s only due for a regression if he stops throwing straight 94 mph fastballs down the center of the plate.

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    • Rex Manning Day says:

      As a Yankee fan living in DC, let me tell you: it’s a bit odd going into the year confident that the Nationals are one of the best teams in baseball, and just hoping that the Yankees put together a nice run. Clearly, someone changed something in the Matrix.

      On the bright side, the AL East should be pretty bonkers this year, so that’ll be entertaining, at least.

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      • Dan Rozenson says:

        I’m also a Yankee fan in DC. And I don’t have to tell you, the Nationals are a whole lot less frustrating to watch these days.

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      • ML610 says:

        All that being said, on paper, how many of the AL teams are markedly better? Angels, Tigers, Blue Jays? maybe

        The additional wild card, which at one time may have been loathed by the yankee fan, may now be falling to favor.

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      • Jimmy D says:

        I was just about to say anyone could win the AL East this year!

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      • Jaack says:

        I don’t think the Astros could win the AL East this year. Mainly because they are terrible, but for other various reasons as well.

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    • Brett Gardner says:


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    • YanksFanInBeantown says:

      Yeah, it’s a little premature to say Cano is declining after the best year of his career so far.

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  2. Jaker says:

    Have you considered throwing K% into Clifford? If I recall, it had the next highest relative risk after SPD. Would be interesting to see how result would change.

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  3. Well-Beered Englishman says:

    I just read a report that Charlie Manuel wants to bat Delmon Young fifth?

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  4. Cus says:

    Delmon Young doesn’t even want Delmon Young to bat fifth.

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  5. Ruki Motomiya says:

    Will Delmon Young collapse enough to become a black hole?

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  6. shthar says:

    It’s takes some brass balls to predict schafer could actually get worse.

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  7. Nathan says:

    It is very hard to comprehend that Young could be so much worse than last season that he’d actually qualify for this discussion.

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  8. payroll says:

    If I remember right, Cano started last season really struggling with his plate discipline. At least, that was the theory posited by John Flaherty at YES. Presumably his discpline improved over the course of the season, as his output did. MIght be a skew effect there.

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