CarGo’s Plate Discipline

Colorado Rockies outfielder Carlos Gonzalez has been a popular subject around these parts lately. First, Gonzalez just missed making Dave Cameron’s list of the 50 players with the highest trade value in the game. As a plus defender with power who won’t reach arbitration until after the 2011 season, Gonzalez has considerable appeal. Here’s what Cameron said about him:

There aren’t many guys who can play a legit center field and hit the baseball a long way, but Gonzalez brings both skills to the table. Unfortunately, the rest of the game isn’t quite as refined, and his approach at the plate is a problem. His aggressiveness can and will be used against him, and when pitchers adjust, he’ll need to as well.

Jack Moore used his “Four Factors” to break down Gonzalez’s offensive game. While noting CarGo’s ability to drive the ball and praising his wide array of skills, Moore also voiced concern about the 24-year-old’s plate approach:

Two thousand and ten showed more of the same on the power front, certainly an encouraging sign for Rockies fans. But Gonzalez’s BB% has dipped back to where it was in Oakland, which is obviously disappointing after the 2009 season, as his minor league track record – no extended stints with double digit walk rates – doesn’t particularly suggest an ability to walk at a high rate, and this start to 2010 is dashing some of the hopes that Gonzalez’s on-base skills would approach average.

Today, I want to take a closer look at Gonzalez’s offense over the 2009 and 2010 seasons. Last year, Gonzalez began the season by annihilating pitchers at Triple-A Colorado Springs — in 223 plate appearances in the PCL, he batted .339/.418/.630. Gonzalez walked 9.9 percent of the time and boasted a .292 ISO. Despite taking his cuts in a favorable hitting environment, his major league equivalent line was .281/.343/.474, according to Minor League Splits.

Once Gonzalez reached Colorado, he authored a .284/.353/.525 triple-slash in 317 PA, with a 125 wRC+. In addition to posting a .241 Isolated Power, CarGo walked in 8.8 percent of his trips to the plate (his unintentional walk rate was 7.9 percent). This season, it looks as though Gonzalez picked up where he left off — his wRC+ is 126 in 347 PA. But, as his .314/.346/.532 line suggests, the distribution of that production has shifted. He’s still lashing lots of extra-base hits (.218 ISO), but his walk rate has dipped to 4.6 percent (3.5 percent unintentional walk rate).

Compared to last season, Gonzalez is chasing more pitches thrown off the plate and going after more in-zone offerings as well. His first pitch strike percentage was around average (58-59 percent) in 2009, but it has climbed in 2010:

Courtesy of Dave Allen, here are Gonzalez’s swing contours over the 2009 and 2010 seasons. The dotted line indicates CarGo’s 50% swing contour — in other words, inside the contour his swing rate is greater than 50% and outside it is less. Same deal with the solid line, which is his 75% swing contour — he swings more than 75% of the time a pitch is thrown within that area, and swings outside of it less. The black lines represent Gonzalez in ’09, and the purple lines are Gonzalez this season.

Both his 50% and 75% swing contours have expanded considerably in 2010, particularly on low pitches. When an opponent throws him something below the knees, Gonzalez goes golfing.

So far, Gonzalez’s hacking hasn’t hurt him — the drop in walks has been offset by a spike in BABIP (.333 in ’09, .360 this year). While he has a history of high BABIP marks in the minors (.344 since 2005, per Minor League Splits), .360 probably isn’t sustainable. Gonzalez’s expected BABIP, which is based on his number of home runs, strikeouts, stolen bases, line drives, fly balls, pop ups and ground balls, is .340.

Every team in the majors would love to have a fly catcher with Gonzalez’s present talent and even higher ceiling. But if he’s going to keep up this sort of pace offensively, he might want to leave the nine iron in his bag and show a little more restraint at the plate.

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A recent graduate of Duquesne University, David Golebiewski is a contributing writer for Fangraphs, The Pittsburgh Sports Report and Baseball Analytics. His work for Inside Edge Scouting Services has appeared on and, and he was a fantasy baseball columnist for Rotoworld from 2009-2010. He recently contributed an article on Mike Stanton's slugging to The Hardball Times Annual 2012. Contact David at and check out his work at Journalist For Hire.

10 Responses to “CarGo’s Plate Discipline”

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  1. nmigliore says:

    Is there any sort of tutorial on how to put together a swing contour graphic like that, by any chance?

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  2. Austin says:

    Very interesting article. Two comments. One, can we incorporate comparable players? I know he’s been compared to Vlad’s swing rate as well as Sandoval’s. That might help readers be able to reach a conclusion re: evaluating Cargo’s future prospects. And two, I would love to see this type of analysis for Adam Lind. We know he is swinging outside of the zone more, and less at balls in the zone, but I would love to know if it’s a high and tight thing, versus chasing breaking balls away.

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  3. Kevin says:

    I would really be interested in how to make a contour graph like that as well. great article btw.

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  4. philkid3 says:

    I wanted to see if maybe he’s a Vlad type.

    And then I saw the contact rate and agreed with the article.

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  5. Jeremiah says:

    Any chance you could do those contours for his home and road PA? His K% goes from a moderate 15.6% at home to a scary 31.6% on the road.

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  6. Ogre39666 says:

    That swing contour graphic is pretty freaking sweet. I’d love to see it more often.

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  7. Hi, I see all your blog posts, keep them coming.

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  8. Ryan says:

    I see them as well. Thanks!

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  9. David
    looking how similar are his home and away babip but how K increase and bb decrease when he plays away look as CarGo should adjust his approach as visitor being more patient and trying to avoid pitchings that are swings and miss away but a ball in play at Coors.
    Do you have his home/away discipline splits?

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