I’ve Made a Hughes Mistake

Writer’s Note: Hughes ranked 132nd on Zach Sanders’ starting pitching rankings.

It might shock a few people to find out that if not for Ricky Nolasco’s pact, Phil Hughes’ three-year, $24 million deal would be the biggest free agent contract handed out in Twins history.

In fact, I’d almost wager that the statement would induce spit-takes from any Yankees fan with a beverage in hand. Really? For Hughes?

The same Hughes who had an ERA over 5.00 last year? The one who allowed 1.5-plus home runs per 9 over the past two? The guy whose career ERA (4.54) isn’t really that much better than either of his FIPs (4.31, both), leaving one to wonder if his ceiling simply isn’t that high?

I’ll cut you off before I get too far down the road to say this: I’m not going to advocate drafting Hughes.

I think from the outset, Hughes is a matchup play against the White Sox at home, for instance. Or basically anywhere that left-handed power is stifled, or against an offense that just isn’t very good. Maybe in more spacious ballparks, too. And if one finds that, maybe after a month or so, Target Field and Hughes is a good marriage, he may well be worth rostering in 12-plus team leagues.

Hughes is a tough one to figure out, quite frankly. Take a look at his splits:

Year v. LHH v. RHH
2013 .294/.354/.509 (.370 wOBA) .276/.322/.471 (.340 wOBA)
2012 .210/.270/.340 (.270 wOBA) .306/.342/.586 (.394 wOBA)
2011* .309/.368/.473 (.364 wOBA) .226/.315/.414 (.321 wOBA)
2010 .233/.311/.417 (.322 wOBA) .250/.292/.381 (.296 wOBA)
2009** .252/.348/.393 (.328 wOBA) .183/.235/.310 (.243 wOBA)
2008* .328/.437/.500 (.414 wOBA) .288/.329/.442 (.332 wOBA)
2007* .264/.358/.488 (.368 wOBA) .206/.269/.294 (.255 wOBA)

*denotes year shortened due to external factors (minors/injuries)
** denotes year spent working almost exclusively as a reliever

You’re probably thinking something similar to what I’m thinking after perusing this table: I know less about Mr. Hughes now than I did before. In the interest of full disclosure, me too. This past season was the first time both of his splits were downright ghastly, but at the end of the day it’s truly hard to say that Hughes particularly struggles with one side of the plate or the other — at least in the context of one more than the other.

The two-year trend of poor performance against right-handed hitters is troubling, especially in light of how well he’d handled them earlier in his career. But ultimately, his career splits aren’t that disparate: .257/.329/.431 (.332 wOBA) versus lefties; .257/.305/.438 (.322 wOBA) versus righties.

One can pretty easily make sense of poor seasons versus lefties, as new Yankee Stadium is extremely inviting to southpaw swingers. In 2013, the HR park factor for left-handed hitters at Yankee Stadium was 116; far and away less than three of the first four years at the new yard (146, 145, 139, and 114  moving backward). But even that brings more puzzlement — if that’s even a word — as the worst park factor for pitchers against left-handed hitters coincides with Hughes’ best year against those types.

And it wasn’t just a good year; he flat out nuked lefties. Even more confusing yet was that — unless I’m reading it wrong — Hughes attacked lefties with fastballs middle up. See for yourself:


From the looks of it, one might expect Hughes would have gotten blasted on the offering. Well, not exactly, as hitters hit just .258/.308/.470 on a pitch he threw more than three times more frequently than any other. It just doesn’t make sense.

A twitter pal offered that his take was that Hughes is a bit of a tinkerer with his repertoire. Looking at his PITCHf/x profile, that makes some sense. He’s always relied heavily on a four-seamer, but has also dabbled with the following offerings:

Slider (2007-’09, 2012-present)
Two-Seamer (2009-’10)
Cut Fastball (2009-’13)
Curve (2007-’13, but career-low in ’13)
Changeup (2007-’13, virtually extinct in 2009 however)

Between the PITCHf/x and Baseball Info Solutions data, it surely looks as though Hughes is a bit of a tinkerer. But that also backs up the assertion that he’s a two-pitch pitcher (fastball-curveball), who hasn’t seen consistent enough results with a third pitch to make it a permanent part of his repertoire. That’s a little scary to give a three-year deal to.

Now for the kicker, at least for Twins fans. One of these pitchers is Hughes, and the other is a former Twin and team faithful whipping boy:

Pitcher A: .73 GB/FB, 20.4% LD, 33.6% GB, 46.0% FB, 10.2% HR/FB

Pitcher B: .75 GB/FB, 20.8% LD, 34% GB, 45.2% FB, 9.3% HR/FB

Pitcher A is Hughes. Pitcher B is Scott Baker, who left the Twins in 2012, and nearly missed all of 2013 before pitching in September for the Cubs.

I hate to go through this grandiose, dizzying display to come to an extremely simple verdict, but I’m afraid I’m left with little choice.

So here goes: Hughes simply stands a pretty good chance to improve solely on the improvement of his home park. The Twins home run park factors for left-handed hitters since the inception of Target Field are as follows (from 2013 backwards): 79, 78, 75, and 82. It’ll certainly be worth monitoring his proclivities versus right-handed hitters, however. Those park factors aren’t as friendly, but are still more beneficial than Yankee Stadium: 94, 103, 90, and 83.

He’ll be a dicey play in any cozy away games, but that isn’t to say he hasn’t shown the ability to pitch better no matter the place. Still on the right side of 30, Hughes has obviously shown at least something for the Twins to think he can help improve their rotation in the near- to mid-term future. At the very least, he should be an upgrade on the P.J. Walters’ and Andrew Albers’ of the world.

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In addition to Rotographs, Warne is a Minnesota Twins beat writer for 1500 ESPN Twin Cities. Follow him on Twitter @Brandon_Warne, or feel free to email him to do podcasts or for any old reason at brandon.r.warne@gmail-dot-com

11 Responses to “I’ve Made a Hughes Mistake”

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  1. Baseball4Me says:

    Hughes is 27, not 30.

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  2. Darren Zempel says:

    The other benefit, the majority of his away games will be played in Kauffman Stad. and Comerica. Tough lineups, but not exactly band boxes.

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  3. MLB Rainmaker says:

    I can’t say I love the move, but I’m not sure its so terrible.

    1) Anything is an upgrade. The Twins were 2nd in runs allowed and 1st in hits allowed. Hughes career 4.5 ERA and flashes of brilliance are a major upgrade.

    2) Despite his age, Hughes is a project. At 6’6 240, he’s got easy velocity sitting at 92.3 for 2013, putting him in the Top 30 starters in MLB. What I’ve tracked down, fits closely to Brandon’s notes — Hughes has a stellar fastball, with strong late rise action (which explains the heat map to lefties), and no secondary pitch worth any value (his curve is among the worst in the league by Pitch Value). If he can get any secondary pitch, the value of that fastball will skyrocket.

    3) For $8M/year, your downside is having to move him to the pen, where is fastball may play better. so he should have some value still.

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  4. pft says:

    Hughes is an All Star from the neck down. Shilling would say he has a low pitchers IQ. Maybe the change of location and a new pitching coach will help,and that park will help him a lot. I would not be surprised if Hughes had a great year.

    I think physical conditioning is also an issue for him. At times he looks like the pillsbury dough boy. If he gets himself in shape, I don’t know what will happen.

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  5. Michael Bluth says:

    Nice headline.

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  6. Ben says:

    “You’re probably thinking something similar to what I’m thinking after perusing this table: I know less about Mr. Hughes now than I did before.”

    Really? Seems like outside of what looks like an outlier year in 2012, Hughes has always exhibited a pretty major platoon split, with lefties pretty well crushing him.

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  7. BronxBombers says:

    Can I ask where you got that heat map?

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