What Is Wrong With Wright?

Twice in the last week I was asked if the concussion that David Wright received on August 15, 2009 from a Matt Cain fastball was the cause of his recent drop in production. I decided see what if anything has changed in David Wright from before getting hit in the head and after.

First, here are the career numbers for David before and after the concussion:

Pre-Concussion 0.311 0.392 0.524 0.346
Post-Concussion 0.267 0.343 0.468 0.323

David as had close to a 50 point drop off in his batting average from the time before the concussion to after it. His OBP and SLG have also experienced about 50 points drops. One possible cause of the drop off in production could have been the change in home stadiums for the Mets. In 2008 and earlier, the Mets played in Shea Stadium, but since then they have been in Citi Field. The actual stadiums have played similar, which is hitter and pitcher neutral. Here are the wOBA for both of the stadiums for in 2008 (Shea) and 2009 (Citi).

Shea Stadium wOBA (LHB/RHB): 101 /99
Citi Field wOBA (LHB/RHB): 99/100
(less than 100 is pitcher friendly, over 100 is hitter friendly)

Moving to Citi field should have given David a small boost in his offense output which has not occured.

Another obvious factor is the effects from the concussion. The season that the concussion occurs, there is to be some effect to a player’s ability to hit. The season after a player has received an concussion, they no longer see any effects from the concussion (comment #24).

Not all of the drop off in production can be explained by the “normal” effects seen from a concussion. Two main factors seem to be driving the decline in David’s production which are an increase in K% and FB%.

David’s strikeout numbers have gone from 21.4% before the concussion to 29.1% after the concussion. Looking at his plate discipline numbers, all values are the same before the concussion and after excect his strike zone contact numbers which have gone down from ~90% to less than 85%.

To further show the change, here are images of all the pitches he swung and missed at in 2008 and 2010.



As it can be seen, he is now missing more balls that are inside and middle -or- low and down the middle of the plate.

Besides the increase in strikeout rate, David is hitting more fly balls in the past couple years than in the previous seasons. David’s line drive rate is down about 5% while his OFFB% is up about 5%. He seems to be not hitting line drives, which more often go for hits. Instead he is opting for fly balls which usually end up as outs, but occasionally turn into home runs.

Looking back the park factors for Citi vs Shea, even though they both have even wOBA, Citi’s home run park factor were in 90/94 (LHH/RHH) in 2009 while Shea had home run park factors of 114/106 (LHH/RHH) the season before.

In my opinion, David Wright changed his approach between 2009 and 2010 when he moved into Citi Field to try to keep his home run numbers up. In the process he is missing a few more pitches in the zone leading to an increase in strikeouts. Since he is looking for more home runs, he is hitting more fly balls instead of line drives which generally lead to more production.

I don’t believe that the concussion that David got in 2009 affected his ability to hit the ball. I think it was just a coincidence that it occurred during the same year he was adjusting to spacious Citi Field. If David had maintained the similar approach he had at Shea, he could have been just as productive (similar wOBA). Instead, he attempted to maintain his home run output and the rest of his offensive game has suffered.

Thanks to statcorner.com for the park factors and www.joelefkowitz.com for the Pitch FX data

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Jeff writes for FanGraphs, The Hardball Times and Royals Review, as well as his own website, Baseball Heat Maps with his brother Darrell. In tandem with Bill Petti, he won the 2013 SABR Analytics Research Award for Contemporary Analysis. Follow him on Twitter @jeffwzimmerman.

17 Responses to “What Is Wrong With Wright?”

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  1. This analysis is right on. Just from observation, it does not appear that the concussion affected him. What it looked like was
    1. He bulked up to deal with Citi.
    2. The park got in his head.
    3. The losing forced him to press.

    Wright is not a leader but does try and take responsibility for the team. He’s the best player on the team and tries to hit 5-run home runs. Instead of being a 20 hr 45 double guy with a high average, he seems to have pressed himself into “I MUST HIT 35 HR OR I HAVE FAILED”

    It would be great to get Keith Hernandez to comment on this post. He’s been very critical of Wright and wants him to do well.

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  2. Peter John says:

    Or…it could be a stress fracture in his lower back. Y’never know :P

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  3. longbeachyo says:

    Yeah, what game was it when he dove to make that tag on Carlos Lee? Was it close to the time he got that concussion?

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    • Lumens66 says:

      It was April 19th… He’s been getting work on his back done almost every day since then… Nice for the doctors at the Hospital for Special Surgery to finally give him a clinical diagnosis almost a month later. Yet another example of the Mets medical staff botching a player injury. It’s not wonder Beltran didn’t discuss his knee surgery with the team before he had it with his own doctor.

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  4. longbeachyo says:

    oops, 2009… Not close…

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  5. Matt K says:

    just get rid of that annoying mo’zone, and change the dimensions to match shea….

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  6. Melkman says:

    yeah Wright used to have sweet opposite field power, but with the ridiculous Mo Zone in RF at Citi, he’s seen a LOT of Shea HR’s or doubles caught for outs.

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  7. OzzieGuillen says:

    What’s the consensus on his batting average for the next few years? Somewhere around .275? He is still a top 5 third baseman at that level if he’s hitting HR and stealing bases at his current rate. Once Bautista loses 3B eligibility, Longoria is the only 3B clearly ahead of Wright.

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    • gu03alum says:

      I would rather have Ryan Zimmerman and maybe even Adrian Beltre.

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    • Za says:

      And Zimms. A-Rod’s and Youks are also up there, though they’re not exactly solid fielders. Zimms is at least as good offensively as Wright and a much better defender.

      I say this as a Mets fan. Wright’s definitely still one of the better 3Bs in the game, but there are definitely a couple of guys that are better.

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  8. Mike in NJ says:

    Check out my week…

    Beachy to DL
    Ike Davis to DL
    Wright headed to DL
    Victorino and Rasmus dinged up

    I already had Freese on the DL. In the course of 2 weeks or so my entire corner went on the DL.

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  9. Lumens66 says:

    Some ominous news for David… Courtesy of NY Post.


    Excerpt #1

    Arnold Criscitiello, a spine surgeon with Ridgewood (N.J.) Orthopedic Group, told The Post that it also is possible Wright’s back problem will recur and it could sideline him again. Criscitiello said a stress fracture most often is “really a crack in a bone,” and he admitted the crack “will probably always” exist.

    Excerpt #2

    Criscitiello wondered if Wright has actually had this stress fracture for years. The surgeon explained that the most common back stress fracture involves the pars bone and the majority of pars bone stress fractures occur when people are kids — those people, however, typically aren’t aware of it until something triggers it later in their lives. Criscitiello said an adult who suddenly broke a pars bone would essentially be in agony.

    “Chances are, this player as an adult may have had this injury years ago as a kid and never really realized it,” Criscitiello said.

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