Kyle Lohse

 
Age: 39
Bats/Throws: R/R
6' 2" / 215
P

RotoWire News: Lohse announced via his personal Instagram Thursday that he is retiring. (5/10/2018)

10/28/2015
FG
Contract Crowdsourcing 2015-16: Day 13 of 15 by Carson Cistulli
4/21/2015
FG
Milwaukee's Untimely Collapse by Mike Petriello
1/28/2015
FG
Going Low and Away with the Brewers by August Fagerstrom
9/3/2014
FG
Aceless in Milwaukee by Matt Klaassen
5/22/2014
RG
Divorcing Wins From Starter Production by Scott Spratt




SeasonPitchPitchesABPAH1B2B3BHRBBIBBSOHBPSFSHGDPAVGminVelmaxVelVel
2007Slider (SL)2536065131030030161011.21783.189.286.5
2007Sinker (SI)221516325183048032110.49088.794.792.3
2007Fourseam (FA)1983743731035060010.18990.195.092.6
2007Changeup (CH)150505411820120131101.22080.186.283.7
2007Curveball (CU)591112321001000000.27374.179.176.7
2008Sinker (SI)1572384420131823829300411328.34186.395.791.9
2008Slider (SL)667177183372561550380013.20980.389.384.7
2008Changeup (CH)350116122221541240240114.19079.387.383.2
2008Fourseam (FA)27546511062023082002.21786.995.292.1
2008Curveball (CU)2063436541001040011.14773.178.675.9
2009Sinker (SI)954215246643813211260203022.29882.694.990.9
2009Slider (SL)415113118291961320290215.25780.787.784.1
2009Changeup (CH)264697410730020180300.14579.886.483.0
2009Fourseam (FA)16931331585112020000.48486.394.390.5
2009Curveball (CU)1633537751012080000.20073.479.676.1
2010Sinker (SI)83917820462322316170173245.34885.993.490.3
2010Slider (SL)2957785282241150170212.36478.887.283.1
2010Changeup (CH)2206367161221140120002.25478.084.681.5
2010Curveball (CU)140373912102002070002.32473.280.475.6
2010Fourseam (FA)10727321054015010000.37087.593.290.4
2011Sinker (SI)15163513811016030292004733413.28885.093.990.0
2011Changeup (CH)5421881993117905100380013.16573.785.880.2
2011Slider (SL)454116125302260250190222.25977.987.783.9
2011Curveball (CU)15738401174001020100.28971.977.275.0
2011Fourseam (FA)1262127550005030012.23886.993.090.1
2012Sinker (SI)1578338375855617111240460583.25185.393.390.1
2012Slider (SL)7312172354333712110423135.19879.687.984.3
2012Changeup (CH)5982062084729130520500004.22876.983.880.8
2012Curveball (CU)13829311484110011100.48370.780.274.6
2012Fourseam (FA)731313330000030000.23188.692.590.6
2013Sinker (SI)1347307330845813112180402036.27487.294.190.2
2013Slider (SL)8392492666346809120511139.25378.888.684.5
2013Changeup (CH)452135140292050430250117.21577.784.981.2
2013Curveball (CU)310505217124011030011.34072.079.774.8
2013Fourseam (FA)621516321001050000.20087.992.490.3
2014Sinker (SI)1172273309815018310270395222.29785.792.790.1
2014Slider (SL)88625427757448051205133510.22478.288.484.3
2014Changeup (CH)382105110151021230330020.14373.982.679.7
2014Curveball (CU)355727520124041070201.27872.380.075.2
2014Fourseam (FA)1943741971012080200.24387.692.390.0
2015Sinker (SI)1007234258754420110180312226.32185.892.690.1
2015Slider (SL)6871751924130218120442037.23479.887.684.7
2015Changeup (CH)531151163392940680290221.25876.882.479.9
2015Curveball (CU)17423231274010000000.52272.580.275.5
2015Fourseam (FA)12320221244042020000.60087.591.589.8
2016Sinker (SI)11625291053114010000.40084.091.387.6
2016Slider (SL)3945100010000100.25080.585.283.4
2016Changeup (CH)2388210010020000.25073.279.476.7
2016Curveball (CU)955210010000000.40071.676.373.2
TotalSinker (SI)10322235626157184431781483192028521182845.30582.695.790.5
TotalSlider (SL)5266144215513422515053667030710122044.23777.989.384.4
TotalChangeup (CH)3512109111452221484432738024418722.20373.287.381.1
TotalCurveball (CU)171133435010368251990321425.30870.780.475.3
TotalFourseam (FA)1327247278744318112250382224.30086.395.291.0

SeasonPitchPitchesBB%K%BB/KAVGOBPSLGOPSISOBABIPwRCwRAAwOBAwRC+
2007Slider (SL)2534.6 %24.6 %0.19.217.266.267.532.050.2953.3-4.8.24449
2007Sinker (SI)22112.7 %4.8 %2.67.490.565.7841.349.294.46720.212.4.565248
2007Fourseam (FA)19811.6 %14.0 %0.83.189.286.459.745.270.1435.0-0.4.32197
2007Changeup (CH)1503.7 %24.1 %0.15.220.259.320.579.100.2703.3-3.4.25660
2007Curveball (CU)598.3 %0.0 %1.00.273.333.364.697.091.2731.3-0.2.31395
2008Sinker (SI)15727.1 %9.8 %0.73.341.388.521.908.180.36273.422.8.394151
2008Slider (SL)6672.7 %20.8 %0.13.209.231.339.570.130.23910.0-12.1.24858
2008Changeup (CH)3503.3 %19.7 %0.17.190.215.293.508.103.2204.1-10.6.22341
2008Fourseam (FA)2755.9 %15.7 %0.38.217.294.391.685.174.2225.2-1.0.30595
2008Curveball (CU)2062.8 %11.1 %0.25.147.171.176.348.029.167-0.7-5.0.159-2
2009Sinker (SI)95410.6 %8.1 %1.30.298.381.530.911.233.28842.913.5.395155
2009Slider (SL)4151.7 %24.6 %0.07.257.265.407.672.150.31310.1-4.0.28786
2009Changeup (CH)2642.7 %24.3 %0.11.145.162.188.351.043.185-1.8-10.6.1551
2009Fourseam (FA)1696.1 %6.1 %1.00.484.515.8061.322.323.50010.36.3.560265
2009Curveball (CU)1635.4 %21.6 %0.25.200.243.314.558.114.2312.0-2.5.24862
2010Sinker (SI)8398.3 %8.3 %1.00.348.410.5901.000.242.35741.217.8.430175
2010Slider (SL)2955.9 %20.0 %0.29.364.393.481.873.117.44313.84.0.380145
2010Changeup (CH)2206.0 %17.9 %0.33.254.299.365.664.111.3006.3-1.4.29592
2010Curveball (CU)1405.1 %17.9 %0.29.324.359.378.737.054.4004.80.3.331115
2010Fourseam (FA)10715.6 %3.1 %5.00.370.469.6301.098.259.3607.63.9.473208
2011Sinker (SI)15165.2 %12.3 %0.43.288.329.462.790.174.30951.18.3.344128
2011Changeup (CH)5425.0 %19.1 %0.26.165.207.293.500.128.1797.5-14.8.22248
2011Slider (SL)4544.0 %15.2 %0.26.259.285.362.647.103.28910.8-3.2.28387
2011Curveball (CU)1572.5 %5.0 %0.50.289.300.395.695.105.2974.0-0.5.300101
2011Fourseam (FA)12618.5 %11.1 %1.67.238.385.238.623.000.2782.8-0.2.30595
2012Sinker (SI)15786.4 %12.3 %0.52.251.297.405.702.154.25939.5-3.2.30496
2012Slider (SL)7314.7 %17.9 %0.26.198.246.267.513.069.23610.8-16.0.23050
2012Changeup (CH)5981.0 %24.0 %0.04.228.236.364.600.136.27814.2-9.5.25870
2012Curveball (CU)1380.0 %3.2 %0.00.483.484.7931.277.310.4648.95.4.531251
2012Fourseam (FA)730.0 %23.1 %0.00.231.231.231.462.000.3000.3-1.2.20434
2013Sinker (SI)13475.5 %12.1 %0.45.274.318.440.758.166.28241.04.8.332122
2013Slider (SL)8394.5 %19.2 %0.24.253.289.394.683.141.28426.3-2.9.300100
2013Changeup (CH)4522.1 %17.9 %0.12.215.230.341.571.126.2348.2-7.1.24966
2013Curveball (CU)3101.9 %5.8 %0.33.340.353.480.833.140.3487.72.0.363140
2013Fourseam (FA)626.3 %31.3 %0.20.200.250.267.517.067.3000.7-1.0.23456
2014Sinker (SI)11728.7 %12.6 %0.69.297.368.495.863.198.31449.416.2.378150
2014Slider (SL)8864.3 %18.4 %0.24.224.265.315.580.091.25919.1-10.7.26069
2014Changeup (CH)3822.7 %30.0 %0.09.143.167.238.405.095.1860.9-11.0.18018
2014Curveball (CU)3551.3 %9.3 %0.14.278.280.500.780.222.2549.51.4.334123
2014Fourseam (FA)1944.9 %19.5 %0.25.243.268.351.620.108.2673.1-1.3.26979
2015Sinker (SI)10077.0 %12.0 %0.58.321.371.543.914.222.33344.915.9.390158
2015Slider (SL)6876.3 %22.9 %0.27.234.291.394.685.160.26819.6-2.0.30097
2015Changeup (CH)5314.9 %17.8 %0.28.258.292.404.696.146.28016.7-1.6.30198
2015Curveball (CU)1740.0 %0.0 %0.00.522.522.8261.348.304.5007.44.8.576285
2015Fourseam (FA)1239.1 %9.1 %1.00.600.6361.4002.036.800.57111.59.0.827454
2016Sinker (SI)11613.8 %3.4 %4.00.400.483.7201.203.320.3917.74.3.499231
2016Slider (SL)390.0 %0.0 %0.00.250.2001.0001.200.750.0000.90.4.403172
2016Changeup (CH)230.0 %25.0 %0.00.250.250.625.875.375.2001.20.3.362142
2016Curveball (CU)90.0 %0.0 %0.00.400.4001.0001.400.600.2501.71.1.579288
TotalSinker (SI)103227.3 %10.9 %0.67.305.360.498.858.193.317410.8112.1.372142
TotalSlider (SL)52664.3 %19.8 %0.22.237.274.354.627.117.275125.1-50.9.27680
TotalChangeup (CH)35123.3 %21.3 %0.16.203.229.324.553.120.23660.8-69.7.24259
TotalCurveball (CU)17112.6 %9.1 %0.28.308.325.470.795.162.31646.97.2.344126
TotalFourseam (FA)13279.0 %13.7 %0.66.300.366.526.892.227.31246.414.2.385150

SeasonPitchPitchesLD%GB%FB%IFFB%HR/FBStrikesBallsPitchesxMovzMovMov
2007Slider (SL)25327.9 %46.5 %25.6 %45.5 %0.0 %176772532.32.33.8
2007Sinker (SI)22136.7 %28.6 %34.7 %11.8 %23.5 %12893221-8.79.412.9
2007Fourseam (FA)19816.7 %13.3 %70.0 %47.6 %14.3 %11880198-5.711.813.2
2007Changeup (CH)15021.1 %47.4 %31.6 %25.0 %8.3 %9654150-8.14.79.6
2007Curveball (CU)5918.2 %45.5 %36.4 %0.0 %0.0 %4217596.0-4.37.5
2008Sinker (SI)157227.4 %41.1 %31.5 %19.4 %8.3 %10215511572-7.28.611.4
2008Slider (SL)66716.8 %52.6 %30.7 %21.4 %11.9 %4182496672.6-0.83.4
2008Changeup (CH)35017.2 %68.8 %14.0 %15.4 %15.4 %235115350-6.63.57.8
2008Fourseam (FA)27528.9 %26.3 %44.7 %41.2 %11.8 %147128275-4.89.811.2
2008Curveball (CU)20616.7 %50.0 %33.3 %10.0 %0.0 %124822066.8-6.89.9
2009Sinker (SI)95420.6 %41.2 %38.1 %17.6 %14.9 %598356954-7.38.311.2
2009Slider (SL)41520.0 %50.6 %29.4 %32.0 %12.0 %2861294153.3-1.34.1
2009Changeup (CH)26411.1 %51.9 %37.0 %20.0 %0.0 %16995264-7.63.58.7
2009Fourseam (FA)16924.1 %24.1 %51.7 %26.7 %6.7 %8089169-4.310.211.2
2009Curveball (CU)16321.7 %65.2 %13.0 %0.0 %33.3 %107561637.1-8.311.1
2010Sinker (SI)83925.2 %40.3 %34.6 %10.9 %10.9 %504335839-8.38.412.0
2010Slider (SL)29521.0 %35.5 %43.5 %18.5 %3.7 %1721232952.2-0.83.4
2010Changeup (CH)22025.5 %52.9 %21.6 %36.4 %9.1 %14179220-7.84.39.1
2010Curveball (CU)14026.7 %60.0 %13.3 %0.0 %0.0 %91491406.2-7.710.1
2010Fourseam (FA)10712.0 %36.0 %52.0 %30.8 %7.7 %6443107-5.610.512.0
2011Sinker (SI)151624.7 %38.0 %37.3 %17.0 %8.0 %9745421516-7.38.311.3
2011Changeup (CH)54216.8 %47.0 %36.2 %13.0 %9.3 %378164542-7.03.88.2
2011Slider (SL)45417.3 %43.9 %38.8 %31.6 %5.3 %3101444543.31.14.0
2011Curveball (CU)15722.2 %36.1 %41.7 %6.7 %0.0 %113441576.5-7.09.8
2011Fourseam (FA)12635.3 %35.3 %29.4 %0.0 %0.0 %7254126-5.010.511.8
2012Sinker (SI)157821.7 %36.2 %42.1 %22.1 %9.0 %10405381578-7.18.711.3
2012Slider (SL)73119.8 %44.8 %35.5 %24.6 %3.3 %4962357312.61.93.8
2012Changeup (CH)59821.1 %47.4 %31.6 %16.7 %10.4 %431167598-7.44.28.8
2012Curveball (CU)13830.8 %38.5 %30.8 %12.5 %12.5 %93451386.1-6.99.4
2012Fourseam (FA)7340.0 %10.0 %50.0 %60.0 %0.0 %403373-4.411.011.9
2013Sinker (SI)134720.2 %37.4 %42.4 %23.4 %10.8 %8764711347-6.68.010.5
2013Slider (SL)83921.7 %47.0 %31.3 %16.1 %14.5 %5792608393.71.64.6
2013Changeup (CH)45222.0 %49.5 %28.4 %22.6 %12.9 %293159452-7.13.88.3
2013Curveball (CU)31038.3 %40.4 %21.3 %20.0 %10.0 %215953106.0-8.210.3
2013Fourseam (FA)6240.0 %10.0 %50.0 %60.0 %0.0 %332962-3.010.110.6
2014Sinker (SI)117228.8 %36.1 %35.2 %20.7 %12.2 %7534191172-6.98.611.1
2014Slider (SL)88626.4 %45.3 %28.4 %28.1 %8.8 %6292578863.62.34.8
2014Changeup (CH)38219.4 %47.2 %33.3 %25.0 %8.3 %233149382-7.44.48.9
2014Curveball (CU)35525.8 %40.9 %33.3 %4.5 %18.2 %2341213555.0-7.59.2
2014Fourseam (FA)19425.8 %22.6 %51.6 %25.0 %6.3 %12371194-4.79.811.0
2015Sinker (SI)100733.5 %35.0 %31.5 %21.9 %15.6 %6583491007-6.88.611.0
2015Slider (SL)68723.8 %46.2 %30.0 %28.2 %20.5 %4442436873.13.14.9
2015Changeup (CH)53128.7 %44.3 %27.0 %30.3 %18.2 %350181531-7.55.09.2
2015Curveball (CU)17447.8 %43.5 %8.7 %0.0 %50.0 %110641744.8-7.69.1
2015Fourseam (FA)12361.1 %11.1 %27.8 %0.0 %80.0 %6063123-4.710.411.5
2016Sinker (SI)11625.0 %33.3 %41.7 %10.0 %10.0 %6551116-6.59.811.9
2016Slider (SL)3920.0 %20.0 %60.0 %0.0 %33.3 %1425393.64.86.2
2016Changeup (CH)2316.7 %50.0 %33.3 %0.0 %50.0 %16723-6.54.27.9
2016Curveball (CU)920.0 %40.0 %40.0 %0.0 %50.0 %9094.9-4.26.5
TotalSinker (SI)1032225.4 %37.9 %36.7 %19.3 %11.0 %6617370510322-7.28.511.3
TotalSlider (SL)526621.6 %46.2 %32.3 %24.9 %9.9 %3524174252663.11.34.2
TotalChangeup (CH)351220.6 %50.1 %29.3 %20.6 %10.9 %234211703512-7.34.18.7
TotalCurveball (CU)171127.9 %45.1 %26.9 %7.5 %11.3 %113857317115.9-7.49.7
TotalFourseam (FA)132728.4 %22.6 %49.0 %34.3 %11.8 %7375901327-4.810.411.6

SeasonPitchPitchesO-Swing%Z-Swing%Swing%O-Contact%Z-Contact%Contact%Zone%SwStr%pVALpVAL/C
2007Slider (SL)25334.2 %65.4 %50.6 %58.5 %83.9 %75.8 %52.6 %12.3 %4.51.8
2007Sinker (SI)22118.4 %59.8 %39.4 %90.0 %92.5 %92.0 %50.7 %3.2 %-11.7-5.3
2007Fourseam (FA)19827.7 %57.0 %40.4 %77.4 %85.7 %82.5 %43.4 %7.1 %-1.3-0.7
2007Changeup (CH)15037.5 %68.6 %52.0 %63.3 %77.1 %71.8 %46.7 %14.7 %1.81.2
2007Curveball (CU)5928.6 %26.3 %27.1 %83.3 %100.0 %93.8 %64.4 %1.7 %1.11.9
2008Sinker (SI)157219.9 %56.5 %39.8 %86.0 %96.3 %93.9 %54.3 %2.4 %-12.6-0.8
2008Slider (SL)66730.5 %64.5 %45.6 %58.4 %88.0 %77.0 %44.4 %10.5 %5.00.8
2008Changeup (CH)35044.0 %78.7 %58.9 %58.0 %86.4 %74.3 %42.9 %15.1 %8.42.4
2008Fourseam (FA)27519.9 %56.3 %35.6 %87.1 %91.0 %89.8 %43.3 %3.6 %1.80.6
2008Curveball (CU)20625.3 %34.6 %30.1 %72.0 %91.9 %83.9 %51.9 %4.9 %5.72.8
2009Sinker (SI)95417.7 %55.9 %37.7 %82.5 %92.5 %90.3 %52.5 %3.7 %-7.9-0.8
2009Slider (SL)41535.8 %64.0 %50.1 %57.5 %91.1 %79.3 %50.8 %10.4 %3.20.8
2009Changeup (CH)26443.5 %79.8 %56.4 %60.8 %85.3 %73.2 %35.6 %15.2 %6.12.3
2009Fourseam (FA)16915.5 %51.4 %30.8 %93.3 %91.9 %92.3 %42.6 %2.4 %-7.7-4.6
2009Curveball (CU)16330.9 %46.3 %38.7 %76.0 %86.8 %82.5 %50.3 %6.8 %-1.0-0.6
2010Sinker (SI)83914.7 %52.9 %34.6 %96.6 %97.0 %96.9 %52.1 %1.1 %-14.2-1.7
2010Slider (SL)29528.8 %64.4 %43.1 %56.9 %90.8 %77.2 %40.0 %9.8 %-5.7-1.9
2010Changeup (CH)22040.0 %80.0 %58.2 %52.1 %82.5 %71.1 %45.5 %16.8 %1.00.5
2010Curveball (CU)14037.5 %46.1 %42.1 %75.0 %94.3 %86.4 %54.3 %5.7 %-0.7-0.5
2010Fourseam (FA)10715.7 %55.4 %36.5 %87.5 %90.3 %89.7 %52.3 %3.7 %-3.4-3.1
2011Sinker (SI)151613.9 %53.7 %35.6 %92.7 %95.5 %95.0 %54.6 %1.8 %-1.9-0.1
2011Changeup (CH)54249.0 %78.5 %62.2 %62.6 %82.6 %73.9 %44.7 %16.2 %10.01.8
2011Slider (SL)45434.2 %67.7 %50.7 %57.0 %90.7 %79.1 %49.1 %10.6 %3.70.8
2011Curveball (CU)15725.0 %48.5 %39.5 %93.3 %93.6 %93.6 %61.8 %2.6 %0.30.2
2011Fourseam (FA)12619.1 %58.6 %37.3 %92.3 %94.1 %93.6 %46.0 %2.4 %0.80.6
2012Sinker (SI)157818.7 %53.7 %37.6 %87.5 %95.2 %93.4 %53.9 %2.5 %7.00.4
2012Slider (SL)73134.6 %64.8 %49.1 %67.2 %91.2 %82.5 %48.2 %8.6 %12.81.7
2012Changeup (CH)59848.1 %83.8 %64.7 %56.5 %82.4 %72.1 %46.5 %18.1 %5.00.8
2012Curveball (CU)13832.8 %48.1 %41.3 %65.0 %89.2 %80.7 %55.8 %8.0 %-7.3-5.3
2012Fourseam (FA)7326.7 %64.3 %41.1 %91.7 %77.8 %83.3 %38.4 %6.9 %0.60.9
2013Sinker (SI)134719.7 %57.4 %39.9 %86.2 %92.8 %91.3 %53.7 %3.5 %0.60.0
2013Slider (SL)83938.3 %67.2 %52.2 %63.9 %90.1 %80.1 %48.3 %10.4 %4.10.5
2013Changeup (CH)45240.1 %80.6 %55.8 %57.7 %88.7 %75.0 %38.7 %13.9 %4.71.0
2013Curveball (CU)31021.4 %41.9 %33.6 %77.8 %88.3 %85.6 %59.4 %4.8 %0.70.2
2013Fourseam (FA)6228.6 %75.0 %43.6 %58.3 %80.0 %70.4 %32.3 %12.9 %0.50.8
2014Sinker (SI)117222.7 %60.6 %42.2 %83.0 %93.2 %90.5 %51.5 %4.0 %-11.0-0.9
2014Slider (SL)88641.5 %65.6 %52.9 %63.2 %88.4 %78.0 %47.5 %11.6 %11.11.2
2014Changeup (CH)38236.7 %78.6 %52.6 %52.9 %77.2 %66.7 %38.0 %17.5 %7.92.1
2014Curveball (CU)35526.6 %41.4 %34.4 %80.0 %89.6 %86.1 %52.4 %4.8 %-1.9-0.5
2014Fourseam (FA)19428.7 %63.4 %45.4 %82.8 %93.2 %89.8 %47.9 %4.6 %0.80.4
2015Sinker (SI)100719.6 %58.1 %39.7 %85.1 %93.1 %91.3 %52.3 %3.5 %-8.5-0.8
2015Slider (SL)68738.4 %67.9 %51.4 %60.8 %81.5 %72.8 %44.0 %14.0 %2.50.4
2015Changeup (CH)53139.6 %83.6 %57.3 %51.6 %80.3 %68.4 %40.1 %18.1 %-1.8-0.3
2015Curveball (CU)17427.2 %32.9 %29.9 %88.0 %100.0 %94.2 %47.1 %1.7 %-3.7-2.2
2015Fourseam (FA)12323.2 %58.5 %35.0 %94.7 %91.7 %93.0 %33.3 %2.4 %-9.7-7.9
2016Sinker (SI)11614.7 %56.3 %31.9 %100.0 %96.3 %97.3 %41.4 %0.9 %-3.9-3.3
2016Slider (SL)3913.8 %50.0 %23.1 %50.0 %100.0 %77.8 %25.6 %5.1 %-1.2-3.0
2016Changeup (CH)2346.2 %70.0 %56.5 %66.7 %57.1 %61.5 %43.5 %21.7 %-0.4-1.5
2016Curveball (CU)980.0 %75.0 %77.8 %100.0 %100.0 %100.0 %44.4 %0.0 %-1.0-11.6
TotalSinker (SI)1032218.4 %56.1 %38.4 %87.1 %94.5 %92.8 %53.1 %2.8 %-64.0-0.6
TotalSlider (SL)526635.7 %65.8 %49.9 %61.5 %88.5 %78.2 %46.9 %10.9 %39.90.8
TotalChangeup (CH)351242.8 %80.2 %58.5 %57.2 %82.6 %71.8 %42.1 %16.5 %42.61.2
TotalCurveball (CU)171127.8 %41.6 %35.3 %78.7 %91.2 %86.8 %54.5 %4.7 %-7.7-0.5
TotalFourseam (FA)132722.6 %58.3 %38.0 %84.7 %89.8 %88.1 %43.2 %4.5 %-17.7-1.3